Define a constant instead of duplicating this literal "SQL STATEMENT" n times

  • ALM used: GitHub
  • CI system used (not sure)
  • Languages of the repository: PHP
  • Error observed: Define a constant instead of duplicating this literal "SQL STATEMENT" n times.
  • Steps to reproduce

Create a couple SQL Queries/Statements in PHP (later used with PDO) for example creating a bunch of tables.
You might end up with repeating TEXT NOT NULL or whatever you have to pass as table definitions like this example PHP MySQL Create Table

Just repeat that to create several tables rather than one, each table having at least a couple NOT NULL or whatever else statements you need for the tables.

Copy pasta code:

$servername = "localhost";
$username = "username";
$password = "password";
$dbname = "myDB";

// Create connection
$conn = new mysqli($servername, $username, $password, $dbname);
// Check connection
if ($conn->connect_error) {
  die("Connection failed: " . $conn->connect_error);

// sql to create table
$sql = "CREATE TABLE MyGuests (
firstname VARCHAR(30) NOT NULL,
anothername VARCHAR(30) NOT NULL,
morename VARCHAR(30) NOT NULL,
evenmore VARCHAR(30) NOT NULL,
lastname VARCHAR(30) NOT NULL,
email VARCHAR(50),

if ($conn->query($sql) === TRUE) {
  echo "Table MyGuests created successfully";
} else {
  echo "Error creating table: " . $conn->error;


I do not consider it smart to create constants(! cluttering global space?) or variables just because I repeat that text in SQL Statements.

Do I miss something?
Or could SonarCloud be improved to not complain on such (I consider) false alarms?

Hey there.

I’ve moved your post to the section on reporting false-positives. Please read this post:

Specifically, it would be good if you could add a code snippet where the issue is raised and you think it shouldn’t (so our developers can trivially reproduce the issue).

Thanks - updated the OP with some more details.