S2755 rule triggers for local variables but not fields


The S2755 rule on XXE attacks triggers if the XML parser is a local variable but not if it is a field.

  • Operating system: Windows
  • SonarLint plugin version: 7.4
  • Is connected mode used: No

Here’s a minimal reproducible example with both situations when XML parser is local variable and when it is a field

import org.xml.sax.InputSource;
import org.xml.sax.SAXException;
import org.xml.sax.XMLReader;
import org.xml.sax.helpers.DefaultHandler;
import org.xml.sax.helpers.XMLReaderFactory;

import java.io.File;
import java.io.FileInputStream;
import java.io.IOException;

import javax.xml.parsers.ParserConfigurationException;
import javax.xml.parsers.SAXParser;
import javax.xml.parsers.SAXParserFactory;

public class TestXXE {

    private SAXParserFactory saxParserFactory = SAXParserFactory.newInstance();
    private SAXParser saxParser;

    private XMLReader reader;
    public TestXXE() throws ParserConfigurationException, SAXException {
        saxParser = saxParserFactory.newSAXParser();

    public void testOK(File file, DefaultHandler handler) throws SAXException, IOException, ParserConfigurationException {
        SAXParserFactory localSaxParserFactory = SAXParserFactory.newInstance();
        localSaxParserFactory.setFeature("http://xml.org/sax/features/external-general-entities", false);
        localSaxParserFactory.setFeature("http://xml.org/sax/features/external-parameter-entities", false);
        SAXParser localSAXParser = localSaxParserFactory.newSAXParser();
        localSAXParser.parse(file, handler);
        XMLReader localReader = XMLReaderFactory.createXMLReader();
        try (FileInputStream fileInputStream = new FileInputStream(file)) {
            localReader.parse(new InputSource(fileInputStream));

    public void testKO(File file, DefaultHandler handler) throws SAXException, IOException {
        saxParser.parse(file, handler);
        reader = XMLReaderFactory.createXMLReader(); // XXE warning expected here
        try (FileInputStream fileInputStream = new FileInputStream(file)) {
            reader.parse(new InputSource(fileInputStream));

Thanks & regards,

Hello Nicolas,

Thanks for raising this. I am able to reproduce the problem with your code snippet. I will notify the team in charge.

Have a good week-end :slight_smile:

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